D is for Drys and Wets (AtoZ Challenge – Roaring Twenties)

ROARING TWENTIES - Drys and Wets - The confrontation between Drys and Wets characterised the whole of Prohibition... and it wasn't just a fight against alcohol

DI often wonder whether Prohibition was ever truly about alcohol.
True, one of the strongest arguments in favour of Prohibition was that alcohol changed  the nature of men and made them more violent and lazier and this damaged their families and put the entire society in danger.
Well, even so, it doesn’t sound all that much about alcohol to me.
Although there had been many temperance movements and prohibition laws enacted by different states throughout the history of the US, the emergence of the feeling that eventually brought about national Prohibition can probably be traced back to the women’s crusades of the 1800s. These women, who belonged to the upper and upper-middle class, took upon themselves the task to help the less fortunate through establishing orphanages, schools, shelters, hospitals, distribution of food and such. To me, the crusade against alcohol sounds like part of this attitude, a means to try and better the lives of the working class as seen from an upper class’s perspective.
This impression becomes stronger when we look more closely to the characteristics of the two groups opposing each other over the issue: Drys and Wets.

prohibition

Drys, who supported Prohibition, very often belonged to the more affluent part of society and were members of the professional and business elite. They tended to be native-born – that is, born in America – and to be second or third generation. The majority were strong church members of Protestant denominations and it was their wives who strived to better the society.

Wets, who opposed Prohibition, were more likely to belong to the working or middle classes. A lot of these people belonged to minorities or were new immigrants. A lot belonged to religious denominations other than Protestant, including Catholics and Jews, who used wine for sacramental purposes.

This division shifted over time, especially during the last years of national Prohibition, but it was never completely overcome.

The wet versus drys debate reflected a serious cleavage in American society that predated the 1920s and survived the decade. It was in part a country versus city cleavage, in part a reflection of the conflict between “Old Time Religion” and an evolving, looser modern morality, in part an aspect of old-stock American suspicion of ethnic Americans and the latter resentment of the former.

From “Cengage Advantage Books: The American Past, Volume II: Since 1865, Volume 2” by Joseph Conlin

Far from solving this cleavage, Prohibition actually worsened it, in many respects.
I find it kind of ironic that Prohibition largely had the opposite outcome to the expectation of people who tried to shape society by law and in accordance with their own desires.

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RESOURCES

The Clash Between Traditionalism and Modernism (PDF)

Okrent, Daniel, Last Call. The Rise and Fall of Prohibition. Scribner, New York, 2010
Behr, Edward, Prohibition. The Thirteen Years That Changed America. Penguin Group & BBC Enterprises, London, 1997

 

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About the Author

jazzfeathers
I was born, raised and I still live near Verona (Italy), though I worked for a time in Dublin. I started writing fantasy stories as a kid. Today I’m a bookseller who reads fantasy, history, mythology, anthropology and lots of speculative fiction. Somehow, all of this has found its way into my own dieselpunk stories.

36 Comments on "D is for Drys and Wets (AtoZ Challenge – Roaring Twenties)"

  1. Problems worsen when governments gets too involved with individuals freedom to choose.
    Mee Magnum recently posted…“C” is for Chinese Food #AtoZChallenge @AprilA2ZMy Profile

  2. That’s quite the photo you’ve included there. It seems like there are a lot of social movements that are more than they at first appear. The layers of motives can be hard to figure out, but that’s why history is so fascinating to me!
    Sue Archer recently posted…Rogue Words from A to Z: The Cruelty of CrullersMy Profile

    • I agree wholeheartedly.
      But the good news is that history always makes sense. I really believe that. Nothing happens by chance, there is a reason for everything and if you did deep enough, you’ll find an answer. Maybe not the one you’d have liked, but an answer nonetheless.

  3. We all know the saying, “Men like what they can’t have.”

    So prohibiting alcohol (among other things) gives off the impression of a big red button that says, “Don’t Push!” It makes one want to press it all the more,
    Ara the Booksnake recently posted…Coffee, Comfortable Couch, and Captivating Book #AtoZChallengeMy Profile

  4. Great article, and you make several solid points about various societal divisions in the Prohibition era. Also, I love the We Want Beer picture! Classic!

  5. Fascinating info. about Prohibition!
    Sue Coletta recently posted…Tag, You’re It – With Excerpts From My New BookMy Profile

  6. Something’s up with your Twitter share button. I tried to share and got a message as if I was sending you a private message. Probably Twitter being wonky again. I’ll try again later.
    Sue Coletta recently posted…Tag, You’re It – With Excerpts From My New BookMy Profile

    • Happened to me the too, not just with mine, but with another post starting with D too. I think Twitter understands the D as ‘direct message’. I delated that and it worked as usual.
      Stupid program! 😉

  7. Sounds like they were trying to put a band-aid on a much larger issue. Prohibition couldn’t possibly work if the people they were trying to “save” didn’t agree with the ideas behind it… It just led to a lot more crime.

    @TarkabarkaHolgy from
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  8. Whenever I think of Prohibition I always think it was a very bad idea.When people want an escape they will find it be it legal or illegal and if it’s illegal it tends to play into the hands of the criminal element and if it’d legal at least it can be regulated and revenue generated from it.
    Tasha
    Tasha’s Thinkings | Wittegen Press | FB3X (AC)
    Tasha recently posted…AtoZChallenge2015 – D is for DahakMy Profile

    • Well, any way you look at it, there isn’t much good you can say about the noble experiment.
      But as is often the case with history, there is much we can learn from it.

  9. Oh Sarah, I love the Roaring Twenties! I didn’t connect to your blog until now and I’m glad I investigated this website. Yes, the complexity of social movements and social groups is unbelievable complex. Thanks for such a lovely post. — Jeri of the ghosts… 🙂

  10. I never thought about the religious implications. Very interesting & a great read! Thanks 🙂
    Sabina recently posted…Deer Outside My WindowMy Profile

  11. Love the we want beer signs.
    LaShaunda recently posted…A to Z Challenge – D Is For Daily PromotionMy Profile

  12. I think this kind of divide also exists in many movements today – change should be from the bottom up, not imposed.
    Anabel Marsh recently posted…Gallus Glasgow D: Donald DewarMy Profile

  13. I do very much believe that alcohol abused is a doorway to allow the devil to rule your life. But I also believe very strongly that morality cannot be legislated, but must come from the work of God in the Holy Spirit in a life.
    Life & Faith in Caneyhead
    I am Ensign B ~ One of Tremp’s Troops with the
    A to Z Challenge
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  14. The outcome of prohibition was definitely ironic. It’s interesting too the class division you mention. The more affluent had more time on their hands apparently, while the working class did just that…they worked…that’s all they had time to do! Interesting too if you look at student war protests in the 1960s…most were kids from upper middle class families. Blue collar kids were working their butts off trying to get ahead. Interesting post!
    Sharon Marie Himsl recently posted…D is for Disposable Diaper: Inventions by Women A-ZMy Profile

    • I think you’re right.

      Doesn’t necessarily mean it’s negative. For example, here in Italy, it was the middle class (bourgeoisie as we call it) that started the events which eventually lead to the indipendence of Italy. Not the upper or the working class (though this names don’t really apply to our situation, since we had noblily and proletarians, and I think this is different from having a class system).
      I don’t think there is a place in society where the idea of change is always right or always wrong, it’s the sharabily of the idea that metters, I suppose.

      Prohibition clearly wasn’t a shared idea 😉

  15. It’s really cool to get so much more info about something that I only had cursory knowledge of. As another commenter mentioned, it really did seem that the movement was trying to solve society like someone might try to “heal” a relative, dismissing the fact that 1) everyone has different needs and ways of healing, and 2) people have to be on board with your philosophy for it to work.
    Alex Hurst recently posted…D is for 地異My Profile

  16. Quite right – It’s never about what it’s actually about.
    Hannah G recently posted…A to Z: DolltopiaMy Profile

  17. I agree there were probably very noble roots at the start of Prohibition, but it eventually went beyond good intentions to trying to legislate a strict, narrow version of morality. I don’t think I’d ever thought of any nativism or xenophobia underpinning it before, though.
    Carrie-Anne recently posted…WeWriWa—Joyless ChristmasMy Profile

  18. I hadn’t realised there was a difference in opinions between classes – although I’m not surprised to find that people more recently arrived from Europe or other countries were against prohibition.
    Celine Jeanjean recently posted…D is for… the DarkMy Profile

  19. It makes sense that class division played a big role in prohibition. The way prohibition played out was even more interesting. It just goes to show, if men want beer then let them have their beer, lol.
    Lanise Brown recently posted…F is for FinlandMy Profile

    • Well, I’d rather say, if there is a problem, address that problem and don’t look the other way.
      Prohibition was a mess, but it was so because the issues that were takled were a lot more complex than people made them.
      Personal opinion 😉

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