Improvisation (AtoZ Challenge 2016 – Jazz Age Jazz)

Improvisation (Jazz Age Jazz Series) If it isn't improvised, it isn't jazz. That's about as much as it is certain about jazz

Jazz Age Jazz - Improvisation

JAZZ AGE JAZZ - Improvisation #AtoZChallenge #jazz and the freedom to create music together Click To Tweet

I - Improvisation (AtoZ Challenge 2016)

Louis Armstrong said that if you need to ask what jazz is, you’ll never know. It’s true that the nature of jazz is elusive, even experts are often at a loss to define it as opposed to other forms of music. But there’s something everyone agrees with: jazz is about improvisation.

There’s a common misconception that improvisation happens randomly. Because many small jazz bands don’t read music when they perform, listeners may have the impression the performers are going along completely freely. In fact, the contrary is true. Spontaneous jazz improvisation requires a deep understanding of the music and its workings. Jazz players will chose phrases which structure is so familiar to them, they intuitively know where it’s going even though it’s been created in that instant. The musicians all know the tune and the role of their instrument inside the tune, and so they can spontaneously create different forms of the theme and variations.

The guitar, piano, bass and drums, while all able to solo, basically provide the rhythm and harmony over which the soloist will create improvised variations. The structure is flexible so that the soloist may venture in various directions depending on the inspiration of the moment. A Jazz musician is creating spontaneous art every time he or she plays music. In fact, spontaneity has always characterized Jazz music’s finest improvisers.

– A Passion for Jazz: Jazz Improvisation

Freedom in jazz improvisation comes from an understanding of structure. It may seem as the soloist may do whatever they like, but in fact the soloist is following a complex set of rules. Being creative means knowing how to move inside that context and how to bend it to your personality and creativity.

Fletcher Handerson

Fletcher Handerson

The role of the soloist became very important from the beginning of the 1930s, but early jazz was characterised by a different kind of improvisation, what was called “collective improvisation”. This way of making music leans very strongly on call-and-response, both among musicians and between musicians and audience. In the 1920s, ballrooms, nightclubs, speakeasies were ideal places where improvisation and free audience/performers interaction happened. The unpredictable mix of music, guests, dancers and bathtub gin was explosive. It could mix every night in a different way, Anything could inspire the performers to a new path in the music.

But as the decade wore on, something happened. Jazz started to be recorded and those records were extremely popular. Recordings needed to be standardised and that dictated which performance and which actual improvisation would be preserved. Aspiring musicians increasingly learned jazz from those recordings rather than live, as their predecessors had done. Over time, this subtly changed the way jazz was played and improvised. By the end of the 1920s, jazz had surrendered its popularity to swing.

 

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RESOURCES

Ogren, Kathy J., The Jazz Revolution. Twenties America and the Meaning of Jazz. Oxford University Press, New York, 1989

Jazz in America – What is Jazz?
JazzPath – The case for improvisational melodic tructures 

 

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About the Author

jazzfeathers
I was born, raised and I still live near Verona (Italy), though I worked for a time in Dublin. I started writing fantasy stories as a kid. Today I’m a bookseller who reads fantasy, history, mythology, anthropology and lots of speculative fiction. Somehow, all of this has found its way into my own dieselpunk stories.

28 Comments on "Improvisation (AtoZ Challenge 2016 – Jazz Age Jazz)"

  1. Sarah,

    You’re incredible. I can’t believe the depth of every article that you always post. And especially during the A2ZChallenge. Simply amazing. And impressive!!
    Mee Magnum recently posted…The Chinese Quest Goes Back to the Future (2046)My Profile

    • Aww, Mee, thanks so much for your kind words.
      I just try to share what I like and find intersting, what I think can be interesting to other people too. This year’s challenge is giving me a lot of satisfation 🙂

  2. Improv is so much about feeling the music and playing the feelings and just letting go. Back when I used to play an instrument I found it very difficult to play without structure of leadership and written music. I never did well with improvisation, but I probably didn’t give it enough of a chance.

    Arlee Bird
    A to Z Challenge Co-host
    Tossing It Out

    • For people like me, who doesn’t play any sort of music, thinking about spontaneous improvisation is quite baffling. Sounds like a crazy thing to do.

      But then I thought: it isn’t much different from what we writers do, actually. Or at least what ‘I’ do. I normally have a plotline written down. That’s really the bare bones of the story. When I actually write the story, I follow that guide, but in the particular scenes and chapters, the story can go any direction. Happens quite frequently that I (think) I know how a scene will go, then when I come to the spot I’ve decided about… the story goes a completely unexpected direction. Sometimes because of what a character said two lines above, sometimes because I’ve just seen something on tv, sometimes because of a short story I read the night before. Could be anything.

      I suppose jazz improvisation works a bit like this 🙂

      • Good example. I have no problem with improvisation in writing because I feel more comfortable with my writing and no one “hears” the bad notes unless they don’t get edited later. Practice and experience are the essence of being adept at improvising.

        Lee
        Arlee Bird recently posted…Immigrant Arrival (#atozchallenge)My Profile

  3. Ah, I think I start to get how the improvisation works, thank you :). It’s like when singing a hymn or classical piece of music – it obeys rules so even if you don’t know it you can feel where it is likely to go. Different forms of music have different rules and so a different feel as to how they move and where they go.
    Tasha
    Tasha’s Thinkings | Wittegen Press | FB3X (AC)
    Tasha recently posted…I – Inky & Ikiryo – Fictional Phantoms #AtoZChallenge 2016My Profile

    • There’s a harmony to everything, isn’t it? If you learn the movements, you’ll know how to perform them, whether you’re thinking about it or not.

  4. I think that is true for a whole lot of things – you have to learn the structure first so you can improvise well 🙂

    @TarkabarkaHolgy from
    The Multicolored Diary
    MopDog
    Tarkabarka recently posted…I is for Intimacy and IndependenceMy Profile

    • I definitely agree. It’s the same with stories, after all. If you are very familiar to a structure (say for example, fantasy), you’ll follow that structure easily, nearly naturally, and that will leave a lot of energy an thoughts for other things, like the new ideas to implant in the strutcure.

      Yes, I think this is true for a lot of things 🙂

  5. What a fascinating and in depth analysis. I love the setting you’ve chosen for your writing, too.

    Meet My Imaginary Friends
    #AtoZchallenge http://www.kathleenvalentineblog.com/
    Kathleen Valentine recently posted…I is for Ida (and Ephraim): Blogging the #AtoZchallengeMy Profile

  6. There’s a real art to good improv and freestyling. You can improv and freestyle all you want, but it won’t make the music inherently better, or good period, unless you know how to do it properly. The horrid Li’l Wayne freestyles everything, and his lyrics are almost all terrible.
    Carrie-Anne recently posted…Prince Igor Konstantinovich and the Iverskaya ChapelMy Profile

  7. The best book I’ve read on improvisation was Improvising Jazz by Jerry Coker, who used to teach at the University of Tennessee. It’s a small book written specifically for musicians, but there’s a lot of good insight into the subject. One of the things he tells jazz musicians is to collect motifs (what are generally called licks), short passages from solos you hear other players use that you like, and work out how to add them to solos. A lot of improvisation is working licks into longer musical patterns. Almost sounds like cheating, but the art comes in knowing which ones sound good together and being able to hear them in your head before playing them.

  8. As I researched this subject, I read time and again that, especially int he 1920s, when many jazz musician had no music education, you leanred by listening and copying. You listen, you recognise what you like and you copy it, until you learn how it’s done. then you can start making your own music on that base.
    I suppose that’s what Jerry Coker taught? You copy, until you find your own voice.

  9. This is why music is so fascinating to me (even though I’m not musically inclined at all), how musicians can ‘speak’ to each other with music and follow one another and know what to add to the mix. It’s so darn interesting!
    Megan Morgan recently posted…I – IdiomsMy Profile

  10. Improv is the most fascinating and magical aspects of music. I play piano but I don’t consider myself a musician. I’ve always been the vocalist and whenever a bad goes off playing and they all just “know” where they’re headed…pure magic!! Great post as always!
    Jen recently posted…The 2016 A-Z Challenge brought to you by The Letter “I”My Profile

  11. I love this song! I remember the first time I heard jazz – I was selling Girl Scout Cookies and I had to keep knocking on the door because the neighbors had jazz playing so loud. I’ve loved it ever since. My brother is a jazz guitarist – we used to go to jazz clubs as teenagers. Looking back, I’m surprised they let us in.
    Claire Noland recently posted…J is for JamaicaMy Profile

  12. Music was a huge part of my high school. I participated in any band/orchestra activity. Except for Jazz Band.

    I am classically trained, and a “black-and-white” thinker. I read notes on a page, but I can’t create an original tune.

    Part of the audition for Jazz Band was to improvise with the pianist. I froze.

    I have tremendous respect for those who can do it – and do it well.
    Molly recently posted…A-Z Challenge: J is for JardinsMy Profile

    • Well, I suppose you can learn to impvorise… to some extand. But as all things involved with creativity, you may be apt at something and not apt at something else.
      We are all different, and that’s the good of it 🙂

  13. I’ve love the era in which Henderson was prominent. Great tune–“Sing, Sing, Sing.” It’s brightened my day. Thanks for sharing it!!
    Stephanie Bird recently posted…J is for JewelsMy Profile

  14. I’m trying to catch up with your posts. They are so fascinating and well written. They make me appreciate jazz more than ever and I’m not a music aficionado. I can tell I’m also going to need to visit your posts from last year’s challenge, too.

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